Le Corbusier´s five points of a new architecture
In 1927 Le Corbusier published a series of architectural principles in his magazine L'Esprit Nouveau and in the essay collection Vers une architecture, which he used as the basis for his designs. The most famous example of the application of the "Five Points of a New Architecture" is the villa Savoye in Poissy, France.
The design principles include the following points:
1. The Pilotis
A grid of concrete or steel columns replaces the load-bearing walls and becomes the basis of the new aesthetics. The decisive factor is the idea of supporting structures on pillars in order to make the soil freely usable.
2. The roof garden
Both as a kitchen garden and as a sun terrace. On a flat roof a humus layer is covered with vegetation, this ensures constant moisture and serves as a perfect heat and cold insulator.
3. The free groundplan
The absence of load-bearing walls allows flexible use of the living space, which can be divided by screen elements.
4. The horizontal windows
The horizontal windows cut through the non-load-bearing walls along the facade and provide the apartment with even light. It gives the interior a lightness and offers views of the surroundings.
5. The free façade
Open and closed sections on the façade enable the separation and connection of the exterior design from the building structure.
©Les Couleurs Suisse /FLC